Having vegetables in your food plate is a good sign of health fitness because it helps us fight against malnutrition. It diversifies our diets in a good manner.
Since diversification can balance our diet by providing more micronutrients which lead us to improved health and mental conditions. Value-added nutrition garden is far healthier than outdated homestead vegetable garden. In this article, you will learn about what is nutrition garden and how to implement in your garden?
This enhanced model implicates various crops that can be frequently harvested throughout the year to deliver a family’s fresh vegetable needs.
In this nutrition model, the crop selection process is done scientifically, you need to follow the particular selection method. Crops picked in this model are highly nutritious as well as comes with less disease and pest problems. This particular approach can produce a few hundred pounds of fresh food (vegetables) for a small family. Enough to provide minerals and vitamins requirement of a family
Growing nutritious vegetables is so easy that everyone can grow it.
By having a nutrition garden you can avoid eating vegetables which are tainted with pesticides. More importantly, this will improve your health as well as you can save money too.
We’ll discuss the types of nutrition garden below. There is mainly three type of home gardens.
- Large garden
- Medium garden
- Small garden
A large garden can be measured using a parameter. Typically, a large garden is minimum 500 square meters in length.
Since they have huge space all types of fresh veg can be grown. Few fruit plants can be included at the edge of this garden. Such as dwarf mango, guava, papaya, grape or lemon.
These type of gardens can be measured in between 150-200 square meters.
You have the option to grow vegetables like carrot, okra, tomato, lettuce, eggplant, bitter gourd, spinach, radish, cauliflower, French bean, cluster bean, cabbage, cucumber, or summer squash.
Small gardens are less than 100 square meters. And can grow the tomato, radish, eggplant, mint, lettuce, spinach, turnip, amaranth, coriander or pepper.
Taking Care of the Nutrition garden
If snowfall threatens, frequently irrigate it until the danger passed.
Pests can cause a serious damage to plants. Dodge pricey pest control by performing the safe and effective methods defined in the pest management section.
We have a cost-effective and beautifully described article on pest management.
By applying those simple procedures, you can easily avoid dangerous and costly pesticides.
You can use these commercial fertilizers in your garden. Such as more of potash, ammonium sulfate or urea, superphosphate, for better-growing fruit and vegetable crops. Before planting, mix murate of potash and single superphosphate in the soil. After planting apply urea or ammonium sulfate on the top level of standing crops once or twice.
However, if you want to go fully organic or moreover save more you should check out this organic liquid fertilizer guide.
Here are the few basic tools for your garden: spade, knife, sickle, basket, hand hoe, small hand sprayer, bamboo stakes, twine etc.
Some crops grow healthy in containers or pots located on sunny terraces, balconies, window ledges, on the roof or verandahs.
Fill the pots or containers using a mixture of manure, sand, and soil.
These crops below adapt best to the containers. You can pick coriander, tomato, amaranth, mint, spinach, kulfa, table radish, lettuce, French bean, knol-khol, okra, cluster bean, fenugreek, green onion, broccoli, garlic, leek, and parsley.
Managing the Nutrition garden
- Using proper spacing sow seedlings in lines or rows.
- Get rid of extra seedlings if plants are congested.
- If few of your seedlings die, plant more by replacing them.
- Water them after transplanting.
- Eliminate weeds from between the rows and plants.
- Provide frequent irrigation to your crops when needed for better growth.
- For bigger plots, in summer water the garden lightly in every third or fourth day and in the winter season, make it once in a week or two.
- Farm yard compost and manure are great nourishment for any vegetable or fruit gardens. Blend them with the soil and leave it for a week before transplant or sowing.
- Use the nitrogenous fertilizer in small quantities, such as urea, in standing crops for greater plant growth and yield. Use this fertilizer when soil’s moisture is in good condition. Or provide little watering before using this fertilizer.
The Layout of the Garden
- Here are a few important facts for laying out your nutrition garden:
- Your nutrition garden will definitely require sunlight sufficiently. At least should get minimum three hours of constant full sunlight.
- Compared to square gardens, rectangular shaped gardens are little better, but any shape will work.
- If you have big trees in your garden avoid the shades, plant your crops where shades are not permanent.
- Find a water source nearby if possible.
- Vegetables should be prioritized since some of them lose their freshness once harvested such as radish, spinach, mint, fenugreek, and amaranth.
- Grow root crops alongside the ridges which discrete the plant beds.
- To make good use of your space grow climbing vegetables. Support them up by guiding on fences, walls, or grew them on terraces.
- If you have any unused shady place use it to dig compost pits.
Vitamins you get from a nutrition garden:
Peas, carpet legume, colocasia, garlic
Turnip, tomato, cauliflower, green chilies, bitter gourd, knol-khol, radish leaves, Brussels-sprouts, amaranth, parsley
pumpkin, beetroot, fenugreek, amaranth, tomato, turnip leaves, onion, coriander
potato, sweet potato, bitter gourd, carpet legume, radish
garlic, bitter gourd, peas
amaranth, mint, bitter gourd, Indian spinach, spinach, fenugreek
Right Harvesting Time
Vegetables and fruits should be harvested when they are properly matured.
Because at that time, they are high in nutrition, flavors well, as well as looks and taste good. One thing we should keep in mind that root vegetables can be tough and pithy if they are not picked when they still have tenderness. After a certain time, they might not be consumable.
Yield your crops once they attain their suitable size and color. However, few vegetables can be plucked before their peak time. Since they are consumable at any stage. For instance onion bulbs, pumpkin, colocasia etc.
Tomatoes, melons, and ash gourd can be acceptable to ripen on the vine. Leafy vegetables can be harvested often at their most sapful and tender stage.
I hope now you know what is nutrition garden and what benefit you get from it?