Birds will be attracted to your backyard if there’s plenty of food available. First of all, you should get up some feeders. Then you need to offer cover, natural food, and nesting sites.
It’s not hard to attract birds to your backyard, regardless of how small and near it is to a city or how bird-friendly it is or its proximity to well-wooded parks.
Some birds like nuthatches are always like to be near mature trees, where predators like tawny owls and sparrowhawks enter deep into some cities.
The key thing is to make sure that you meet the essentials of your birds all year long and that you provide accommodations for the changing needs of both inhabitants and seasonal visitors.
While planting berry bushes in the autumn is good for thrushes, soon they will strip the crop. When the berries are gone, you can buy trays of low-rate apples for them to feed on. In the winter, fat blocks are vital, they attract groups of starlings.
In summer, increasing insect populations benefits sparrows and tits. The dense cover will lure robins, dunnocks, and wrens to nest and for tits and other hole-nester nest boxes are good.
At times when there are very few birds in your backyard, think about what you could do differently to make your backyard more attractive to birds at that time of the year. Be patient. Birds visiting your backyard grow over the years. One of the best ways to make sure their return is to ensure your feeders are always filled.
The basics of life; a home, food, and security will bring the birds to your backyard.
Purchas food for birds from reputable sources to make sure the seeds can provide the required energy. Experiment with different seed mixes and feeders. For example, goldfinches adore niger seeds whilst greenfinches prefer sunflower feeders.
Avoid Bad Foods
Stop putting out peanuts, don’t purchase multi-purpose pet food and stop feeding the birds bread as it’s not a nutritious filler. But if you must, try putting out soaked breadcrumbs.
Install a Birdbath
Water is essential for seed-eating birds that need to wash them down. Install a birdbath for the birds, so they can see your backyard as a convenient place to complete all their daily routine. In winter keep an eye on your birdbath to make sure it doesn’t freeze. And do not use salt while defrosting it as this could kill the birds.
Make Them Feel at Home
During the breeding season stop using garden netting. And to reduce the risk of birds crashing with windows, place feeders a bit far from your home. And minimize opportunities for predators such as sparrowhawks and cats by placing feeders at a place where birds can see the danger coming.
Plant Fruit or Berry-bearing Trees
If you plant trees like holly, rowan, honeysuckle and hawthorn and shrubs like berberis, cotoneaster, and pyracantha in your backyard birds will be encouraged to come to your backyard for nesting, shelter and to feed.
Observe What Happens
Observe the bird numbers and changes in number to see whether your plannings are effective or not. For example, the impact of cold weather on the species and numbers of birds using your backyard. This will help you in future planning and in making changes to attract birds.
Change Nest Box Location
Choose different nest box types and remove those that don’t attract birds. If your nest boxes are struggling to attract birds then you might find a pretty small change in characteristic or location could attract birds to nest there. And don’t use too diverse type of nest box, particularly tit boxes: numerous options could confuse them.
Clean Your Nest Boxes
Each winter, check your nest boxes. Get rid of old nests and use hot water to clean the boxes to kill parasites. Re-attach them tightly so the boxes don’t fall out when they are in use.
Let Them Build Their Own
It’s really great if the birds use the nest boxes that you had put up, but it’s even more pleasing if they make their own natural nest sites. To help them to do this you can offer hedges with dense cover.
To decrease the risk of the disease spreading, remove stale seeds from feeders and regularly sterilize them. Clean them more often when there are a lot of birds in your backyard. And keep an eye out for sick birds. Their sickness could be contagious.
Feed Your Birds Twice Daily in Severe Weather
Adjust the demanding quantity if you can. And after you have started stick to your feeding routine as the birds will become habituated to it. You will give the birds a better survival chance by feeding them all year round.
Position Your Bird Feeders
To have a safer feeding station the ideal distance of the feeder from the cover should be about 2m. Nearby greenery can be a lookout point or a place to run to if the birds were to be disturbed. Keep your feeders distant from overhanging branches, fences, and low lying bushes where a cat could hide in.
Make sure the post backing up your feeder is straight and smooth, so it will be much more difficult for squirrels or cats to climb. And a sloped baffle addition to your feeder will help in keeping squirrels off-balance.
Mount a Feeding Tray
The tray doesn’t need to be off the ground more than 10cm. To attract ground feeders like blackbirds, thrushes, sparrows, and chaffinches you can scatter food on your backyard. Use a cage if possible, to provide protection for the birds from predators.
Keep Cats Away
If you have predators such as a cat in your backyard area then you two might have a conflict of interest. Take measures to repel them from the bird feeding areas. Keep feeders away from places where a cat can sit and wait in the cover for the prey. So when the birds are busy feeding themselves the predator can sneak on its prey.